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What is skincare?

In our modern world with all the pollution and free radicals around, skincare is no longer a luxury - it's a necessity! Over the years I've had many clients who tell me how their mother "just uses soap and water and her skin looks amazing!". Yes, I'm sure there are those who were born with awesome genes but my reply to the above statement is always the same . . . . . "your mom wasn't subjected to the pollution, chemicals, climate changes and free radicals of todays world."

Skincare is the necessity to take care of ones skin to the best of our ability, using skincare products that are preferably free from toxic "sludge" and manufactured under Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). Skincare is about CARING for our skin on a daily basis.

The basics of skincare are to remove dirt, free radicals and other pollutants, to treat skin concerns, to regenerate the skin where ever possible, to protect the skin . . . . and of course, it's about anti-ageing!

Putting together a skincare routine

Cleansing | Toning | Exfoliating | Moisturisers | Treatment Creams | Serums & Ampoules | Masks

Cleansing basics

The look of well-groomed skin starts with cleansing. Only thoroughly cleansed and toned (pH balanced) skin is able to properly absorb the ingredients of a skin care product.
Cleansing twice a day, morning and evening, is recommended to remove traces of dirt, toxins, free-radicals and make-up. If you are using a cleansing fluid or cream, I suggest applying it to the face with your hands and removing it with water and facial sponges. The sponges give you a cleaner feel as well as removing any excess cleanser left on the skin.

Cleansing Gels:

Better suited for Normal, Combination, Oily or Impure skin types. Generally speaking, gels, however gentle they are, can tend to dehydrate the skin and are not always suitable for dry, mature or sensitive skin types.

Cleansing Fluids:

Best suited for Sensitive or Young skin types but can be used by all skin types except oily/acne skin.

Cleansing Creams:

Best suited for Normal, Dry, Mature skin types as most cleansing creams contain a percentage of oil. These oils are great for all skin types needing a bit of moisture, including Sensitive skin. But due to the oil content they're better left alone by the Oily, Combination and Impure skin types.
*Soap, products for acne and off the counter, supermarket products can sometimes be exceptionally harsh on the skin and can lead to severe dehydration which can cause an imbalance of the skin. This imbalance can cause acne to worsen and dry skin types may end up with sensitivity and irritation. Avoid these products like the plague - speak to a qualified beautician who can recommend the correct products for you instead . . . . . and it doesn't always have to cost a fortune.


It is essential to balance the pH of the skin once you've cleansed it. Products like Toners, Fresheners, Tonics, Lotions, Astringents and Clarifiers will help to stabilise the skin's protective acid mantle and restore the correct pH of the skin. Be aware of the alcohol level in some toners, usually called Astringents or Clarifiers!! Toners containing alcohol should only be used on oily or acne skin types and in my opinion they should be avoided by ALL skin types as they can strip the skin of essential oils and cause sensitivity and dehydration as well as a further imbalance in problem skins. I personally feel that problem skin should use Treatment Creams to regulate sebum/oil in the skin rather than an alcohol based toner.


Exfoliators and "scrubs" are used to remove dead unwanted cells from the surface of the skin which allows for better product penetration. While gentle exfoliating is good, some exfoliators can actually cause more harm than good. Exfoliators that contain non-circular granules can scourer the skin causing tiny scratches on the surface of the skin, which can trap bacteria and cause breakouts and irritations. Use an exfoliator containing enzymes or smooth, circular micro-beads, and only if your skin has no adverse reaction.


Because your skin is as unique as yourself, it has unique expectation of protection and care. Once you know exactly what it needs, it's easier to determine the correct treatment for it. This is where skin analysis comes in. Determine your skin type and then determine you skin care routine. See Skin Analysis

Treatment Creams

Treatment creams are produced to treat specific problems or skin conditions. A treatment cream for a mature skin would be a cream with added anti-ageing ingredients or stronger repair properties. It goes further than simply moisturising or maintaining the skin - it actually TREATS the skin or TREATS a specific condition. So a good example would be a Vitamin C enriched cream to treat pigmentation, or a cream with intensive repairing properties to treat sun damaged skin. Treatment creams are usually used at night in conjunction with your usual skin care routine.

Serums & Ampoules

Highly concentrated and refined ingredients go into these products and they are usually more expensive because of this. Serums and ampoules should never replace your moisturiser but should rather be used in conjunction with your moisturisers and treatment creams.
Because of the high quality and purity of these products, they usually penetrate the skin quicker than a cream and are therefore used under your moisturiser. They are used as a skin booster, a once off treatment or when the skin is needing that little bit extra. Personally I feel that with all the stresses the skin has to put up with these days, an ampoule or serum is a daily necessity.


maskThe best way to keep the skin in good condition and well cared for. Once a week, a mask for your skin type can give the skin exactly what it needs in just 10 minutes.
Make sure you get the correct mask as each mask is keyed to a specific skin type and specific skin care needs.
A mask is applied to a cleansed skin, left on for the required time and then rinsed of with water and facial sponges, or in some cases, peeled off.
Tone the skin and apply your serum or ampoule if you have, then apply your moisturiser. If you're applying your mask before going out in the day, remember to apply an SPF!

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